Our Work - Delivery Mechanisms
The Joint FAO/IAEA Division's activities are carried out through two major delivery mechanisms: coordinated research projects and technical cooperation research projects. Coordinated research projects are funded by the Joint Division's regular budget and are implemented through research networks; technical cooperation projects are funded by the IAEA's technical cooperation programme through voluntary contributions from Member States to carry out technology transfer and capacity building.
A key strength of the capacity building and technology transfer tools supported by the Joint Division comes from establishing links between demand in the field for applications and adaptive research, as well as between institutions and farmers in Member States. This allows for continuous feedback between R&D activities and field validation, as well as remedial action if necessary, at any stage in the capacity building and technology transfer process.
Coordinated Research Projects (CRPs) Over 500 research institutes in Member States are cooperating in over 30 coordinated research projects annually. Each project aims to solve specific, practical problems of agricultural significance to developing countries. Key features include:
- CRPs bring together research institutes from both developing and developed countries, creating networks to focus on solutions for specific research challenges. Research is done within a well-defined global or regional thematic or problem focus.
- CRPs are composed of 10 to 15 research contract holders from developing Member States, two to five agreement holders from developed Member States, and one to two technical contract holders that provide specific services to the CRP.
- CRPs last for three to six years years and participants meet every 18 months to share information and plan the next phase of their research.
- A large number of techniques, methods and protocols have been developed, evaluated and validated through CRPs.
- Many young researchers obtain advanced training through participation in CRPs.
- In general, 25 per cent of the chief scientific investigators are female, with efforts continuing to increase the participation of women researchers.
Technical Cooperation Projects (TCPs) The Joint Division builds capacity and transfers technology to developing Members States through TCPs, which are requested by Member States through official channels. In close liaison with the IAEA's Department of Technical Cooperation (TC), every year the Joint Division provides technical support and policy advice to over 200 TCPs in support of the mandates of FAO and IAEA. The Division also organizes over 150 training courses and workshops, investing about US $14 million annually in these activities. Key features include:
- TCPs are demand-driven and based on Member State development priorities, and therefore contribute to socio-economic impact at a country level.
- Appropriate technologies, often developed, improved or adapted at the FAO /IAEA Laboratories at Seibersdorf, are field tested and extended for further adoption under the environmental conditions of the cooperating countries.
- Capacity development is assisted through training, fellowships and the provision of laboratory equipment and upgrades.
- Each project generally lasts for two years with the option of a two-year extension.