Improving animal health - through early and rapid diagnosis

Transboundary livestock diseases pose a major challenge to the production and distribution of food of animal origin, particularly when they impact on international trade. Progressive control and eradication of these diseases require action at national and international level to develop and apply improved techniques and strategies for diagnosis and surveillance, and to set national guidelines and standards for disease control.

Nuclear-related immunoassays and molecular techniques are sensitive, robust, specific and rapid, and offer significant advantages over other methods, including the possibility of point-of-care use, to support the joint efforts of veterinary authorities, extension services and farmers to control and eradicate diseases that impair productivity and trade in livestock and their products. Stable isotope measurements of tissues from infected animals provide a way of back-tracking their movements enabling more efficient assessment of the risk of disease dissemination. Exposure of pathogens to controlled doses of gamma irradiation makes it possible to develop attenuated vaccines for parasitic diseases that cause substantial production losses worldwide.

Animal Production and Health In partnership with FAO, OIE, and WHO, we operate a Training and Reference Center at Seibersdorf and carry out strategic and applied R & D to develop and validate these techniques. Through IAEA and FAO Technical Cooperation (TC) projects we ensure that these techniques are appropriately used and integrated within national, regional and global programmes for the control or eradication of major livestock diseases and zoonotic infections.

Our objective: to progressively control and prevent major livestock diseases, including those of zoonotic nature, in developing countries through improved diagnosis, surveillance and control techniques using isotopic, radiation, immunoassays and molecular methods.

Related Links

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Q: How do nuclear technologies help control livestock diseases?
Q: What are the major livestock diseases addressed by APH projects?
Stories
The Agency supports portable diagnostic devices to enhance "at-source" control of transboundary animal diseases
IAEA’s support helps Eritrea to controlling Brucellosis and Tuberculosis in Cattle
Avian Influenza, Migratory Birds and Stable Isotopes
Adapting Molecular Diagnostics to Field Condition
Irradiated Vaccines and the Control of Animal Diseases
IAEA Contributions to FMD control in Europe
APU and the Vienna Veterinary School Collaborate to Host Fellow from Sierra Leone
Zambia, Botswana and Zimbabwe unite to battle CBPP
Global eradication of rinderpest
Past and present contributions of Joint FAO/IAEA Division to eradication of rinderpest
International guideline for validation of diagnostic tests launched
World experts meet on FMD molecular diagnostics
FMD reference serum bank initiative
Newcastle disease control in chicken improves the welfare of rural households in Africa
Mongolia declared free of rinderpest