Quality Assurance of Mass Produced and Released Fruit Flies


To provide standardisation and improvement of quality assurance, data management and information exchange in fruit fly mass rearing facilities, on a global level, to increase efficiency of production and use of sterile fruit flies.


Autocidal or genetic pest control based on nuclear techniques, especially the use of radiation induced sterility, represent environment-friendly tools for pest control, in which radiation sterilised pest insects control their own populations.  Most known of these genetic pest control methods is the Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) which is based on the capacity of mass reared and gamma-sterilised males of the pest species, released over large areas, to find and mate with females of the pest in the field.  The resulting offspring is not viable.

The SIT is becoming widely used by Member States to control/eradicate fruit flies.  There are now over ten fruit fly mass rearing facilities in the world that produce sterile flies for SIT programmes.  Several other facilities exist for research into SIT.  Recent developments in fruit fly strain-management techniques and the introduction of genetic sexing strains have stimulated new measures in quality assurance and control in the mass production of fruit flies.  International, operational programmes have repeatedly called for a global review of the monitoring, control and assurance of quality of mass produced fruit flies, in terms of current technologies and future needs.  New tests for quality assessments and global standardised operating procedures must be developed to rigorous standards.  With international trade in sterile insects becoming a technical possibility, it is important that producers and users apply standard international quality control procedures.

Through this co-odinated research approach, an improved standard, internationally accepted manual of process and production quality management was developed.


Contract Holders (13) from: Argentina (2), Chile, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Israel (2), Lebanon, Mexico (2), Peru, Philippines and Portugal. Agreement Holders (5) from: Australia, France, Japan, South Africa and the United States.


  • The final Evaluation Report summarizes achievements under this six-year CRP (1999-2004), and shows the list of publications prepared during the CRP by participating researches.
  • The final proceedings of this CRP are published in a special issue of the journal Florida Entomologist, and include an additional collection of peer-reviewed scientific publications.