Insect Pest Control
We assist FAO and IAEA Member States in the implementation of environmentally-friendly and sustainable methods to control major insect pests of crops and veterinary and human importance through strategic and applied research, technology transfer, capacity building, policy advice, information management, and technology transfer to field projects in Member States.
Our efforts focus on an area-wide integrated pest management (AW-IPM) approach, with a sterile insect technique (SIT) component where feasible and required, to enhance food security, introduce sustainable agricultural systems, reduce losses and pesticide use, preserve biological diversity, and facilitate international trade in food and agricultural commodities by promoting the development and application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Standards.
Controlling fruit fly pest by releasing sterile male insects. Fruit flies attack many important fruit crops, including citrus, mango, apples, peaches, apricots as well
as some vegetables (especially cucurbits), seed crops and many wild plants. Economic implications of such attacks are not only reduced production and increased control costs, but also loss
of export markets and/or the cost of establishing and maintaining phytosanitary measures. An efficient and cost-effective pest control technology is the Sterile Insect Technique (SIT),
a biologically-based pest control method that, unlike pesticides, is environment-friendly and does not pose health concerns.
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How a Nuclear Technique is Saving Citrus Fruits in Morocco, One Fly at a Time. Citrus crop losses due to fruit flies along with insecticide use in Morocco are both expected to
drop as the country begins to develop capacities in using the Sterile Insect Technique.
The Joint Division FAO/IAEA will provide technical support to the public and private sector of Morocco to eventually produce around 200 million sterile male Mediterranean fruit flies per week and release them over 100 000 hectares of agricultural production areas. Full Story »
|World Malaria Day: How a Nuclear Technique Could Provide a Future Method for Mosquito Control. According to the World Health Organization, approximately half of the world's population is at risk of malaria and around half a million people die of the disease each year. Ninety percent of these deaths occur in Africa, where one child dies from malaria every minute. Dengue leads to an estimated 12 500 deaths annually, mainly among children, and the incidence of dengue has grown dramatically in recent decades. Full Story » Multimedia »|
|IAEA and FAO providing support to Moroccan horticultural industry to manage Mediterranean Fruit Fly through the Sterile Insect Technique. The Mediterranean fruit fly is among the most devastating of pests for agricultural crops. Insecticide applications are routinely used to control them but this is not sustainable in view of the development of insecticide resistance and negative impacts on humans and the environment, as well as on international trade. Full Story »|
|IAEA Impact: Senegal Nears First Victory in Eradicating Tsetse Flies in Niayes region with the technical assistance of the Insect Pest Control Section from the Joint FAO/IAEA Programme in Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture. Full Story »|
Tsetse fly: can castration end one of Africa’s oldest development problems?
The Guardian 18 February 2015 - Radiation castration is helping to eradicate tsetse populations that have been preventing farmers from using animals to work their land. Full Story »
Best Sustainable Development Practices on Food Security - Expo Milano 2015.
The FAO/IAEA project "Eradication of the tsetse fly Glossina palpalis gambiensis from the Niayes in Senegal" was among 18 selected for "Best Sustainable Development Practices on Food Security" by an International Selection Committee from among 749 proposals admitted to the final evaluation process for Expo Milano 2015. Full Story »