A successful history of cooperation between IAEA and Angola

Since its admission as an IAEA Member State of in 1990, the Republic of Angola achieved a definitive peace in 2002, which allowed the establishment of a country programme framework, taking in account the sectors of Education, Health and Agriculture as priority for industry and economic development. The technical and financial assistance of the Agency was a crucial response to a real need of Angola to rehabilitate its infrastructures, agricultural recovery, rural areas clearance and development.

In Agriculture Sector, the first project identified, among others, was the up-grading of laboratory services for animal diseases diagnosis. To date, three others projects have been identified and implemented in term of expert mission, national workshop, fellowship training abroad and supply of equipment and reagents. For all the suitable equipment provided by the Agency, especially for the new Central Laboratory in Luanda, most of the Veterinary Research Institute technicians recognize the contribution of the IAEA in the development of Angola by the survey and control of diseases using nuclear and related techniques of diagnosis. The five Veterinary Research Institute laboratories in service around the country have about 70% of the basic equipment.

The ongoing project ANG5007 (Improvement and veterinary assistance to local small breeds) has focussed on small ruminant production. The objective of this project is to encourage the sustainable improvement of small-scale livestock production systems, especially for Persian sheep shown in Fig. 1 which is the typical breed in southern Angola. The Blackhead Persian is a fat-tailed breed of domestic sheep that has a white body and, as their name would suggest, an entirely black head.

The equipment provided by the Agency is really suitable for monitoring the environmental conditions (meteorological data) and animal and reproductive performance (pregnancy detection, weight gain and follow up).

A successful history of cooperation between IAEA and Angola With this cooperation, the Veterinary Research Institute was able to provide for the first time a lot of 23 Persian ewes to small keepers in Southern Angola, as a form of contribution in the government restocking programme. Many of other activities are being conducting, namely for forage and pastures improvements taking in account the characteristic feeding habits of goat and sheep such as in semi desert areas of Namibe province. Veterinary Research Institute’s Animal Production and Research Units receive veterinary assistance from the laboratory, especially for the diagnosis of parasitic diseases such as mange, nematodes and tape-worms. Theses are of economical importance during the rain fall season.

The Veterinary Research Institute’s five Laboratories are engaged in animal diseases survey for trypanosomiasis, brucellosis, tuberculosis, contagious bovine pneumonia, and parasitic diseases. In the past, because of the protracted civil war, many diseases were confined in their out break patterns however, today because of the prevail peace and easy of movement, these disease outbreaks are more widely spread in their distribution. The surveys conducted this year show the following disease prevalence in affected herds: 5 – 10% for dermatophilosis, 1 – 4 % for lumpy skin diseases and 2 – 8 for contagious bovine pneumonia. These data will progressively help the Angolan Veterinary Services establish the distribution maps of economical and transboundary diseases in order to reinforce medical and sanitary measures of control.

The up-to-date quality and diversity of equipment and material used in the Veterinary Research Institute laboratories in general facilitate all the activities of diagnosis and research carried out by the different specialized teams in parasitology, serology, bacteriology and anatomical pathology.

A successful history of cooperation between IAEA and Angola The implementation of the ANG5007 project in connection with other projects supported by IAEA, namely, Coordinated Research and RAF projects have been extremely encouraging and have motivated the Veterinary Research Institute increase its activities in order to have major participation in food production and security and alleviation of poverty in Angola. In the mean time, the government is striving to overcome the many existing constraints linked to financial resources in terms of operational funds and power and water supply issues where the Veterinary Research Institute laboratories are located.