Agrochemicals Unit Selected Country Achievements in 2005

The training and methodologies provided by the Agrochemicals Unit have been put to good use in many countries. The "train the trainers" approach taken for the workshops and training courses organised by the Unit has also had considerable impact on awareness-building and expansion of the knowledge-base in Member States. Some specific examples are summarised below;

Thailand - One of our training workshop participants, Ms. Leepipatiboon, planned and implemented training courses on method validation and instrumental analysis, including sample preparation techniques, in Thailand using the experience and material from the FAO/IAEA workshop for the Thai trainees.

Nigeria - During 2003 the agrochemicals unit trained 6 fellows from NAFDAC, Nigeria, for a total period of 9 months. The topics covered included mycotoxins analysis (aflatoxins and ochratoxins by TLC, and fumonisins by HPLC) and quality assurance and quality control measures in analytical laboratories. The fellows also took part in a 2 weeks workshop on "advanced instrumental analytical techniques". The feedback we received after 2-3 years was that the NAFDAC mycotoxins laboratory is implementing a range of testing and is on track to attain accreditation. Participation of the laboratory in the FAPAS proficiency testing scheme was successful.

Dr. S. O. Amuda-Giwa, Deputy Director of the Veterinary Drugs and Pesticides - Drug Registration Division of Nigeria organised and implemented workshops in six different regions of Nigeria following the FAO/IAEA workshop "Strengthening Capacities for Implementing Codex Standards, Guidelines and the Recommended International Codes of Practice for the Control of the Use of Veterinary Drugs". The reported outcome was that awareness of veterinary drug residue control was growing, with a consequent enhancement of health protection for consumers.

Korea - Dr. Seong-Wan Son, Director of the Residue Chemistry and Toxicology Division of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, who also attended the above workshop, has reported that his agency has received ISO 17025 accreditation for veterinary drug and pesticide residues and other contaminants in December 2005.

Sri Lanka - A laboratory participating in TRC training courses and workshops, a TCP and a CRP (D3.20.22) have implemented an antibiotic residue screening programme which is used by the major exporting food processors, testing of raw product being included as a critical control point in their HACCP plans.

Cambodia- Dr. Khy Vibolbotra used the experience gained and training materials provided at the 2005 training workshop at Seibersdorf to present a course on Good Agricultural Practice and the promotion of quality control of agricultural products (total 45 hours lectures) at the Royal Universtiy of Agriculture in Phnom Penh. The course was presented to students employed by the Ministries of Agriculture, Rural Development and Water Resource Management.

Uganda - Department of Agriculture officials were briefed by the participant in the 2005 training workshop and the workshop material is being used to enhance a scheme to build awareness and promote good agricultural practices and quality assurance for producers through interaction with laboratories and extension services.

Turkey - A participant in a Seibersdorf training course has published a paper on the estimation of sample processing uncertainty for residues in cucumber in Turkey using the 14C-chlorpyriphos technique developed in the Agrochemicals Unit.

Participants in FAO/IAEA training courses on veterinary drug residue analysis have used the experience and knowledge gained to implement routine antibiotic screening tests in Mongolia, Sri Lanka, Yemen, the Seychelles, the Philippines, Barbados and Malta to protect international trade, the tourism industry and the health of local consumers.

Following discussions at a TRC workshop, the counterparts in a TCP in Mongolia drafted an agreement with a workshop participant and a CRP (D3.20.22) contract holder, both from South Korea, resulting in technology transfer for residue monitoring from Korea to Mongolia. The Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) provided training and equipment estimated at $400,000 to the IAEA TCP counterpart laboratory. Cooperation between the institutes involved is ongoing.

Contract holders from Brazil and South Africa (CRP D3.20.22) have implemented a technology transfer agreement resulting in the enhancement of the capabilities of laboratories and the effectiveness of food safety programmes in both countries.

Malaysia - Personnel from the Veterinary Public Health Laboratory in Kuala Lumpur who were trained on TRC training courses and through a TCP are now training TC Fellows from other projects in East Asia.

Philippines - Personnel trained at IAEA are now implementing pesticide testing in the National Pesticide Analytical Laboratory, which enables the testing and certification of more than 3000 samples per year of mango and okra for export to Japan.

Training provided by TRC training courses and TCPs has assisted regulatory residues laboratories in Malaysia, South Africa, Namibia and Cyprus to attain, or extend the scope of, accreditation under ISO/IEC 17025.