Animal Production and Health - Archived Highlights

Differentiating Transboundary Animal Diseases in a Single Test. The IAEA, in partnership with the FAO through the Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, has developed a multi-pathogen assay at its Animal Production and Health Laboratory in Seibersdorf, Austria, that was validated in collaboration with veterinary laboratories from the VETLAB Network. The assay simultaneously detects the PPR virus and other pathogens causing similar signs of disease. Thanks to this innovative method, Member State scientists are now able to diagnose diseases more efficiently, both in terms of time and costs. Read More »

Scientific methods test farmers’ indigenous knowledge to identify sheep and goat breeds resistant to parasites. In a scientific study, farmers in ten developing countries were asked to identify one sheep or goat breed that they considered to be naturally resistant and one naturally susceptible to parasitic infection. Subsequent scientific exploration included everything from examining eyes for anaemia to checking the 60 000 DNA markers of their genomes for variations that indicated resistance. Interestingly, the indigenous knowledge as to animal susceptibility and resistance was largely correct and is now being used to breed parasite-resistant sheep and goats. Read More »

FAO-AG Confers an Outstanding Teamwork Award to the Animal Genetic Resources Team. The Animal Genetic Resources Team receives Outstanding Teamwork Achievement Award from FAO’s Agriculture and Consumer Protection Department for its superior accomplishments in supporting the Global Plan of Action for Animal Genetic Resources and enhancing Member State capacities on characterization, conservation and sustainable improvement of locally-adapted livestock. The team is comprised of staff from the Joint FAO/IAEA Division’s Animal Production and Health Section and FAO’s Animal Production and Health Division. Read More »

Myanmar's Dairy Farmers Benefit from Cattle Breeding Programme Using Nuclear-based Techniques. Genetic improvement of native cattle breeds through radio-immune assay and artificial insemination applications to increase milk production while retaining their adaptability to the local environment and tolerance to diseases, resulting in sustainable improvement of farmers livelihood in Myanmar. The IAEA and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) have jointly supported Myanmar’s Livestock Breeding and Veterinary Department in perfecting and rolling out appropriate technologies across the country.
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Genetic Analysis in Burkina Faso Guides Farmers in Improving Sheep and Goat Productivity. Burkina Faso uses genetic characterisation data for breeding sheep and goats for enhancing productivity while increasing their resistance to parasite infections. An improved feeding practice further increases the productivity of the animals. Read More »

Mongolia Keeps Animal Diseases at Bay with the Help of Nuclear Technologies. A portrait of life in Mongolia is not complete without livestock. For city dwellers and nomads alike, more than 70 million animals are an essential source of food, income and cultural symbols for this country of barely three million inhabitants. Yet livestock owners like Batbaatar Chuluun are calm about highly contagious animal diseases. That’s thanks to Mongolia’s comprehensive animal disease control system built in part with support from the IAEA, in cooperation with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Read More »

Laboratory network that helped win rinderpest battle expands efforts to control other animal diseases. When avian influenza spread across Asia into Africa in the early 2000s, veterinary extension services were largely unprepared and unable to conduct the specific tests needed - a network to collaborate and share technical expertise was urgently needed. Several years later, compare that to the situation when an avian flu outbreak was suspected in Togo in 2015. Togo sent its suspicious samples to a dedicated laboratory in neighbouring Ghana and received the results without delay. This advance is the result of VETLAB, a network of veterinary diagnostic laboratories now established and functioning in both Africa and Asia. Read More »

How Nuclear Science Helps Botswana Control Animal Diseases, Ensure Food Safety and Maintain its Beef Exports. In Botswana, cattle is a way of life. Owning cattle and selling animals when money is tight provide the livelihood for much of the rural population and represent an important supplementary income for city dwellers. When in 2008 the European Union (EU) tightened sanitary requirements on beef imports, Botswana’s second largest export industry came to the verge of losing its most important and lucrative market. Since then, the use of nuclear and nuclear-derived techniques, introduced with support from the IAEA in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), has enabled the country to put in place veterinary and food safety surveillance systems that meet EU requirements. Read More »

Lab to Help Diagnosis of Animal Diseases Using Nuclear-Derived Techniques Opens in Botswana. The IAEA, in partnership with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), has supported the country’s national veterinary laboratory since 2009, helping compliance with European Union testing and surveillance requirements. The IAEA, through several technical cooperation projects, has provided equipment, reagents, expert advice and training for laboratory staff. Read More »

IAEA assists Sudan in the control of animal diseases through the development of vaccines. Control and eradication of animal diseases are crucial for food security and improving the livelihoods of farmers. With support from the Animal Production and Health Subprogramme of the Joint FAO/IAEA Programme of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, the IAEA, in partnership with FAO, is assisting Sudan in developing an irradiated vaccine to protect livestock against one such zoonotic disease, Brucellosis. Read More »

Joint FAO-IAEA research looks for a stable-isotope based method to quantify feed intake. Joint FAO/IAEA Division developed a research project on isotope based techniques for estimation of feed intake in grazing cattle through expert consultations. The project is expected to start in 2016. Read More »

Asian and African Scientists Learn How to Detect Animal Diseases Threatening Livestock. Animal diseases cause great damage in countries, especially where the majority of people depend on agriculture and livestock to live. After attending a two-week course organized this month by the IAEA, in partnership with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), several scientists from sub-Saharan Africa and Asia are now in the position to diagnose such diseases. Read More »

From Lab Coats to Hazmat Suits: IAEA Trains Scientists to Work Safely With Ebola. The IAEA, in partnership with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO), is providing assistance to African Member States on the use of nuclear-derived techniques in identifying and characterizing quickly and effectively zoonotic diseases such as Ebola, Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza, Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever and Rift Valley fever quickly and effectively. Read More »

Nuclear-Derived Techniques Improve Cattle Productivity and Milk Quality in Cameroon. In collaboration with the IAEA and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), LAVANET and the country’s Institute of Agricultural Research for Development are engaged in training technicians on disease control and artificial insemination to improve cattle productivity and breeding management. Read More »

Improving vaccine efficiency to fight livestock diseases with new Flow-cytometer. Vaccines protect livestock against animal diseases and are crucial in disease control programs. Before novel vaccines are released to the market, they undergo a long and complex development, testing and approval process. A new state-of-the-art piece of equipment, a flow-cytometer, has been provided by the Government of Germany to the Animal Production and Health Laboratory in Seibersdorf. Read More »

IAEA training course helps tackle the H5N1 avian influenza outbreak in West Africa. .... the IAEA in cooperation with FAO, recently held a training course for those Member States experiencing or considered at risk of bird flu outbreaks. “The key to control zoonotic diseases is to be proactive rather than reactive,” said Gerrit Viljoen, Head of IAEA’s Animal Production and Health Section. Read More »

IAEA supports Belize to strengthen their animal health diagnoses and control capacities. Agriculture in Belize plays a significant role in the country’s economic stability and growth in terms of foreign exchange earnings, income generation, employment, nutrition, and food security. The Agricultural sector represented 13% of Belize’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2014, a 2.0% increase over the previous year. Aquaculture has been prioritized by the Government of Belize as a tool to evaluate alternative sources of protein, and ultimately provide a cheaper protein source option for Belizeans. In light of this, the IAEA has been assisting Belize in developing nuclear and molecular diagnostic and control techniques and strengthening capacities in animal health management through several initiatives, including the development of the Animal Health Molecular Diagnostic Laboratory. Read More »

Controlling Avian Flu in West Africa: Nuclear-Derived Techniques Enable Early Detection of Outbreaks. Following the recent outbreak of avian flu in Cote d’Ivoire, the IAEA – through its partnership with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) – is helping West African countries in the early and accurate detection of the virus using nuclear-derived techniques. Read More »

Global Strategy to Fight Global Ruminant Pest Uses Nuclear Techniques. Under the Global Strategy, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the IAEA and their partners will work together to eliminate PPR, improving the livelihoods of people and economies in Africa, the Middle East and Asia that rely on sheep and goats, boosting food security in the process. Read More »

Building veterinary laboratory capacity in Africa: THE VETLAB NETWORK. Transboundary animal diseases and those that affect human health have a strong impact on community livelihoods, trade and public health. They also pose a major challenge to the value chain of food of animal origin, causing serious production losses and food safety concerns. Early and rapid diagnosis and control of these diseases require concerted interdisciplinary actions at national and international levels. The sub-Saharan African branch of the VETLAB NETWORK, composed of 32 African countries, aims at remedying this situation, with four leading institutes providing regional support. Read More [pdf] »

A tribute to the work of the Joint FAO/IAEA Division for the Control and Eradication of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR). At the International Conference for the Control and Eradication of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) held in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire, in April, Dr Adama Diallo, a staff member of the Joint FAO/IAEA Division, was elevated to the grade of Officer of the National Order of the Republic of Cote d’Ivoire. This award recognises his particular role in creating the PPR vaccine and, in a broader perspective, all the work that the Joint FAO/IAEA Division has undertaken in this area over many years. Read More »

Ethiopia awards IAEA for continuous support in veterinary disease diagnostics. Since 2011, the IAEA, through the Joint FAO/IAEA Division, has increased its support to a network of veterinary laboratories (“VETLAB Network”) in sub-Saharan Africa through a project entitled “Strengthening Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratories in Africa for Rapid and Specific Diagnosis of Transboundary Animal Diseases”. Read More »

The Joint FAO-IAEA Division is supporting Member States to combat H7N9 avian influenza - a new avian influenza virus concern for Humans. Avian Influenza, also known as “Avian Flu” or “Bird Flu” is caused by a virus that has a reservoir in wild birds. Usually, wild birds are resistant to the disease but do carry and secrete the virus, transmitting it to domesticated birds (chicken, duck, and turkey) that are susceptible and can become sick and die. Read More »

Botswana: Veterinary Laboratory. The Joint FAO/IAEA Division assisted the Botswana National Veterinary Laboratory (BNVL) building capacities on modern molecular techniques for the rapid diagnosis and establishment of methods for early warning, prevention and control of TADs and other infectious diseases. This enabled BNVL to implement a quality management system according to ISO standard 17025, which led to accreditation of 22 tests. Read More »

Mauritius: Local Feed Production. The Joint FAO/IAEA Division has been assisting Mauritius in increasing its research and extension capacities to render its dairy and meat industries competitive through producing feed locally, utilising by-products and residues of the sugar industry and also using land that has become available due to the decline in sugar cane production. Read More »

Mongolia: Animal Health Laboratories and Nutrition Research. Supports from the Joint FAO/IAEA Division have enabled Mongolian laboratories to improve animal nutrition and timely response to disease outbreaks. The Joint Division also assisted the sector in developing and implementing short, medium and long term strategies for controlling foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), which enabled the Veterinary Service of Mongolia to successfully contain FMD outbreaks in 2010-2011 and 2013-2014. In 2013, 24.8 million animals were vaccinated again. Read More »

Myanmar: Livestock Breeding. Assistances from the Joint FAO/IAEA Division has supported Myanmar in developing laboratories with molecular and nuclear techniques for genetic characterisation of domestic animals, for delivering services to farmers that support animal breeding and for diagnosis and control of trans-boundary animal diseases. A new capacity to incorporate marker-assisted selection into an effective cattle breeding programme will also enable sustainable growth in the sector. Read More »

The Animal Production and Health Laboratory: 30 years of committed support to IAEA and FAO Member States. The Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture is 50 years old this year. The Animal Production and Health Section, which was established in 1964 at the inception of the Joint FAO/IAEA Division, was further enhanced in 1984 with the creation of an associated Animal Production and Health Laboratory. A summary of the work of the Animal Production and Health Laboratory is briefly described. Read More »

GLOBAL RINDERPEST ERADICATION: The IAEA contribution. Countries suffering from the ravages of rinderpest, a highly contagious viral disease of cattle, buffalo, yak and several wildlife species, were officially recognised as disease free by the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) in May 2011 and FAO in June 2011 when they declared that rinderpest was eradicated world-wide. Read More »

Rinderpest Freedom Celebration. Rinderpest, also known as cattle plague, is a highly contagious viral disease of cattle, buffalo, yak and several wildlife species, and has caused immense livestock losses throughout history. IAEA in collaboration with FAO, OIE and other partners supported its Member States for more than 25 years to control and eradicate the disease. Read More »

On the trail of avian influenza: using nuclear technology to support early warning and surveillance. Following the first occurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza (AI) in the human population in 1997, the migratory pathways of wild birds have become a topic of growing interest. Using nuclear technology – specifically, stable isotopes analyses – it is possible to trace the origin of individual birds and to identify their migration patterns during a specific period. Read More »

Development of feeding strategies for improved meat and milk production on smallholder dairy farms in Zambia. Livestock rearing is one of the leading farming activities practiced by rural communities in Zambia. The animals kept include cattle, goats, sheep, pigs and various species of poultry of which chickens are the most common. Read More »

Genetic characterization of indigenous cattle breeds in Zambia - which way forward?. Zambia is endowed with a variety of indigenous livestock species that not only provide meat, milk and eggs to meet household protein needs, but are also used for a wide range of economic activities. In recent years, however, the country has been losing many of these indigenous livestock breeds as a result of farmers' preference for exotic breeds that are perceived to be more productive. Full Story »

IAEA scientists develop molecular tools for better understanding of the epidemiology of Capripoxviruses. Transboundary animal diseases (TADs) represent the most important threats to livestock production worldwide. The efficient control of these diseases currently relies primarily on enabling strategies to limit their spread. Full Story ».

Highlights of 2010. The application of early, rapid and sensitive nuclear and nuclear related diagnostic tests to assist in the control transboundary animal diseases (TADs) has been a long-standing component of the Subprogramme's activities to reduce the impact such diseases have on livestock productivity in Member States (MS). Full Story ».

Construction of a goat (Capra hircus) whole-genome radiation hybrid panel. The goat (Caprine hircus) is an important agricultural species worldwide with centuries of phenotypic observations, trait selection, and breed differentiation. However, the understanding of the goat at the genomic level lags behind other livestock species, such as cattle, pig, chicken, and sheep. Full Story ».

The Artificial Insemination Centre in Cameroon - A success story. One of the main constraints for AI in some African countries such as Cameroon is the availability and cost of liquid nitrogen for transporting semen, especially in rural areas, a key element to preserve semen for prolonged periods. The Bambui Cattle Centre overcame this by developing a chilled semen processing methodology using egg-yolk and coconut water in which sperm can survive for up to seven days. Full Story ».

Genetic characterization of indigenous chicken breeds in search for unique properties of immune-related genes. At first sight the diversity within domestic chicken is extensive, which should provide an excellent base for breeding animals that are well adapted to a variety of local environmental conditions. However, the industrialization and globalization of chicken production in the 20th century adversely affected the distribution of chicken genetic resources worldwide, practically limiting the breed composition to commercial stocks of broilers and egg-type, laying hens. Full Story »

IAEA helps to improve the productivity of cattle, camels and yaks in Mongolia through better nutrition and reproductive management. The livestock sector is the main pillar of the economy in Mongolia which, in addition to providing export products, provides food, clothing and shelter. The livestock sector employs 30 percent of Mongolians and is a core survival strategy for nomadic families that rely entirely on pastureland livestock herding. Full Story »

The Agency supports portable diagnostic devices to enhance "at-source" control of transboundary animal diseases. Molecular genetic testing plays a vital role in safeguarding public health - from diagnosing disease to monitoring for pathogens with pandemic potential; from detecting potential bioterrorism threats to safeguarding the food supply via crop and farm animal surveillance. Full Story »

Sheep HapMap. A HapMap project in small ruminants (sheep and goats) is extremely important for IAEA developing Member States to enhance the ability of scientists to use genomics for improving productivity and other characteristics influenced by genetics, including adaptability and disease resistance. Full Story »

The Agency is assisting Member States to reduce the amount of methane produced by ruminant livestock. Increasing methane concentrations in the atmosphere have been identified as the second largest contributor to global warming after carbon dioxide. Thus, methane was included in the Kyoto Protocol with 1990 chosen as the base year for future decisions concerning the impact of mitigation strategies. Full Story »

Water Resources and Livestock: An increasing constraint. Water is essential for life. More than half of all potable water is from rivers and lakes and more than one-sixth of the Earth's population rely on glaciers and seasonal snowfall for their water supply. However, the increase in surface temperatures is causing profound alterations in the hydrological cycle, particularly in regions where water supply is currently dominated by melting snow or ice. Full Story »

Climate Change and the Expansion of Animal and Zoonotic Diseases - What is the Agency's Contribution?. Globalization and climate change have had an unprecedented worldwide impact on emerging and re-emerging animal diseases and zoonoses. Climate change is disrupting natural ecosystems by providing more suitable environments for infectious diseases allowing disease-causing bacteria, viruses, and fungi to move into new areas where they may harm wild life and domestic species, as well as humans. Full Story »

With IAEA support, Latin America controls liver fluke (Fasciola hepatica) in livestock and humans. Although the countries of Latin America are geographically and culturally diverse, they have a major problem in common, one that affects the health of both its peoples and its animals. From the Patagonian steppe to the tropics of the Caribbean, from the endless flatland of the Pampas to the remote highlands of the Andes, there occurs the ever present common liver fluke: Fasciola hepatica. Full Story »

Deadly cattle plague, once the bane of farmers, on its deathbed. Arguably, rinderpest in the most dreaded cattle disease because of its epidemic history that caused massive depopulations of livestock and wildlife on three continents and because it has been responsible for several famines and the loss of draught animal power in agricultural communities of the last three centuries. The Agency, in collaboration with a global effort, contributed towards the successful eradication campaign. Full Story »

Community-based Dairy Veterinary Services in Bangladesh. Bangladesh has taken advantage of results from previous research conducted through IAEA CRP and TCP to develop a self-sustaining Community-based Dairy Veterinary Service. Full Story »

IAEA's support to animal health services in Yemen (1995 - 2009)
Since Yemen became a Member State of the IAEA in 1995, collaboration between Yemen and the Agency through national and regional TCP in the field of animal health has allowed the national veterinary services to tremendously build capacity and modernize their disease diagnostic facilities, build new level 2 and high security laboratories and to improve quality control, quality assurance and laboratory management practices. Full Story »

A successful history of cooperation between IAEA and Angola
Since its admission as an IAEA Member State of in 1990, the Republic of Angola achieved a definitive peace in 2002, which allowed the establishment of a country programme framework, taking in account the sectors of Education, Health and Agriculture as priority for industry and economic development. Full Story »

The Global Rinderpest Eradication Programme
June 2009 | Status report on progress made to date in eradication of rinderpest: highlighting success story and action required till global declaration in 2010. [pdf] Full Story »

Bovine Genome Provides Clues to Evolution, Better Beef and Milk
After 6 years of work by more than 300 researchers from 25 countries and $53 million in funding, the cow genome has arrived. Sequencing of the bovine genome provides new information about mammalian evolution as well as cattle-specific biology and points the way to research that could result in more sustainable food production in a world challenged by global population growth. Full Story »

IAEA's support helps Eritrea to controlling Brucellosis and Tuberculosis in Cattle
The IAEA started to support the veterinary services of Eritrea in the late 1990s when the country requested help with their rinderpest eradication programme. The IAEA provided technical assistance in the setting-up of a diagnostic laboratory and the training of staff ... Full Story »

Avian Influenza, Migratory Birds and Stable Isotopes
Over 100 species of wild migratory birds, particularly ducks, swans, geese and various wading birds, harbour avian influenza (AI) viruses. Infections are transmitted amongst the wild birds by shedding of the virus and contamination of water. Full Story »

Adapting Molecular Diagnostics to Field Conditions
Enhancing food security by providing effective control of infectious diseases in livestock requires major investment in developing diagnostic technologies of sufficient sensitivity and precision to enable veterinary authorities to accurately identify animal carriers of disease and to carry out appropriate measures for containing an outbreak. Full Story »

Irradiated Vaccines and the Control of Animal Diseases
Animals in general possess a basic defence against pathogens known as innate immunity. This comprises two parts, humoral, referring to substances found in the body fluids such as tears, mucus, and blood that can prevent the development of pathogens so that they can be eliminated from the body and the second, cellular, where cells called phagocytes ingest pathogens. Full Story »

The Use of Nuclear Technologies to Fight Problem Diseases - the re-emergence of irradiated vaccines
The concept of vaccination is a sound one for the prevention of animal disease; fundamentally, it is designed to mimic the development of naturally acquired immunity by inoculation of non pathogenic, highly immunogenic organisms. Full Story »

The Tracing of Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes
To understand the ecology of migratory animals it is important to link geographic regions used by individuals including breeding, wintering, and intermediate stopover sites. Previous conventional approaches used to track animal movements have relied on extrinsic markers (eg tags, radio tracking) and typically the subsequent recovery of individuals. Full Story »

Water Efficiency of Animal Protein Production
The livestock sector is the fastest growing agricultural sector and has been predicted to continue growing at these rates for the foreseeable future. Livestock production has been shown to be economically important and is related to increasing incomes in poor rural areas. Full Story »

Belching Ruminants, a minor player in atmospheric methane
Since 1999 atmospheric methane concentrations have leveled off while the world population of ruminants has increased at an accelerated rate. Prior to 1999, world ruminant populations were increasing at the rate of 9.15 million head/year but since 1999 this rate has increased to 16.96 million head/year. Full Story »

The Second Embryo Transfer Goat Kid "Peradeniya Kumari -2" Born in Sri Lanka
The Embryo Biotechnology research team of the University of Peradeniya have produced a second goat kid through Embryo Transfer technology. Research team leader Dr. Basil Alexander said "the initial experiments on embryo production and transfer in Sri Lanka have resulted in great success". Full Story »

IAEA Counterparts Produce a Calf via Embryo Transfer for the first time ever in Sri Lanka
A team of veterinary researchers and IAEA counterparts at the University of Peradeniya in Sri Lanka have successfully produced a calf through embryo transplant technology. This historic event marks the first time in Sri Lanka when such technology has been successfully applied. Full Story »

Neighbours Helping Neighbours: Kenya Hosts Fellow from Tanzania
The IAEA, through TC project URT5025 based at the National Artificial Insemination Cooperation (NAIC) at Usa River Arusha, United Republic of Tanzania, granted Ms. Mary A. Shio a two month fellowship in Kenya hosted by the Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI), Lanet Research Center. Full Story »

IAEA tackles Bird Flu diagnosis
The First Research Coordination Meeting (RCM) for the Coordinated Research Project (CRP) on "The early and rapid diagnosis of transboundary animal diseases such as avian influenza" was held at the IAEA, Vienna, 19 to 23 March 2007. The RCM was attended by more than 25 participants, as it brought together Research Contract and Agreement holders as well as observers. Full Story » [pdf]

Zambia, Botswana and Zimbabwe unite to battle CBPP
Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia (CBPP) has been a problem in the Kazungula district of Zambia since an outbreak in 1997 and has caused concern in the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC). Full Story »

Goat Genetic Resources in Bangladesh
Goats have been reared in Bangladesh from the time of human settlement in this part of the earth. They stand second in number among the ruminant species. There are approximately 18 million goats at present in the country. Full Story »

Technology Transfer: Use of Urea Molasses Multinutrient Blocks in over 50 Countries
Livestock production in developing countries is largely dependent on fibrous feeds - mainly crop residues and low quality pasture - that are deficient in nitrogen, readily fermentable energy, minerals and vitamins. Full Story »

Holistic Approach gives Farmers better Profit
Shortcomings in animal nutrition, health, and reproduction and breeding have all been identified as constraints to optimal productivity of livestock systems in developing countries. Full Story »

Past and Present Contributions of Joint FAO/IAEA Division to Eradication of Rinderpest
Rinderpest is an important killer disease of cattle. Since there is a vaccine that gives a life long protection and can be produced easily and cheaply, there is a good chance that the disease can be completely wiped out from the world. In other words - the disease can be eradicated. Full Story »

Newcastle Disease Control in Chicken Improves the Welfare of Rural Households in Africa
An FAO/IAEA funded five year coordinated research project (CRP) was initiated in 1998 to study back yard poultry production in 12 African countries and then to suggest and initiate appropriate intervention strategies that are economically viable. Full Story »

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