About 10 training courses, workshops and seminars organized by PBG & PBU each year at ABL and elsewhere in the world in Member States. More than 100 trainees from developing countries have participated in these training courses. In addition, the Plant Breeding Unit (PBU) hosts more than 30 fellowships, scientific visits, interns and trainees per year. The PBU also provides a broad range of specialized services to developing member countries on mutation induction and efficiency enhancing bio-molecular technologies as a support to the programmed activities.


Mutation induction using gamma rays (Co-60)
Basic techniques in plant molecular biology

  • DNA extraction
  • Gel electrophoreses (agarose, polyacrylamide)

Marker techniques

  • Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP)
  • Simple Sequence Repeats (SSRs)
  • Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP)
  • Inter Simple Sequence Repeats (ISSRs)
  • Retrotransposon based marker technologies
  • (REMAP and IRAP)
  • Chromosomal analysis using fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH, GISH)

Genomics research

  • Sequencing
  • Targeting Induced Local Lesions In Genomes (TILLING)
  • Bioinformatics:
    - homology search (BLAST, FASTA)
    - genetic distance (UPGMA)
    - mapping (MAPMAKER)

External Lectures

  • Dr. Jeff Bennetzen, Purdue University, W. Lafayette, USA
  • Dr. Katrien Devos, John Innes Centre, Norwich, UK
  • Dr. J.S. (Pat) Heslop-Harrison, University of Leicester, UK
  • Prof. Dr. Guenter Kahl, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University, Biozentrum, Plant Molecular Biology, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  • Dr. Uri Lavi, ARO, Volcani Centre, Israel
  • Dr. Suk-Ha Lee, College of Agricultural & Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Republic of Korea
  • Dr. Klaus Mayer, GSF Research Center for Environment and Health (Munich Information Center for Protein Sequences), Germany
  • Dr. Madan Mohan, ICGEB Campus, New Delhi, India
  • Dr. Bradley Till, Seattle TILLING Project, University of Washington, USA
  • Dr. Petra Wolters, DuPont Company, Newark, USA
  • LI-COR Biosiciences, USA