Security of Research Reactors
Several IAEA programmes are helping to convert research reactors from HEU fuel to LEU fuel, and assisting with the repatriation of spent fuel to the country of origin.
|NUCLEAR FUEL TAKE BACK PROGRAMMES|
US Foreign Research Reactor (FRR) Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) Acceptance
Programme, is a longstanding initiative that has, to the end of 2003,
completed 27 shipments safely and successfully. Twenty-seven countries
have participated so far, returning a total of 5,915 spent nuclear
fuel elements to the United States. The FRRSNF acceptance programme
was supported by the IAEA from its inception.
The Agency is also participating in the Tripartite Initiative (IAEA, Russian Federation, US) to repatriate fuel, originally enriched in the former Soviet Union, to the Russian Federation. Successful shipments of fresh HEU fuel to the Russian Federation have been conducted from Vinša (Serbia and Montenegro), Pitesti (Romania), Sofia (Bulgaria) and Tajoura (Libya), all with active
|involvement of the IAEA. In total, about 2 tonnes of HEU and 2.5
tonnes of LEU spent fuel will be moved to the Mayak reprocessing
complex. This Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program envisages
38 shipments (of both fresh and spent fuel) from ten countries over
2003-08, then 8 more shipments from six countries to remove all HEU
fuel discharged before reactors converted to LEU or were shut down.
The Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) aims to minimize the amount of nuclear material available that could be used for nuclear weapons. It will also seek to put into place mechanisms to ensure that nuclear and radiological materials and related equipment - wherever they may be in the world - are not used for malicious purposes.
Director General Mohamed
ElBaradei and US Secretary of
Energy Spencer Abraham
|Handling of cask spent fuel shipment|
the GTRI initiative, the US would work with the IAEA and other