(FT/1-6) Alcator C-Mod Ion Cyclotron Antenna Performance

S.J. Wukitch1), T. Graves1), Y. Lin1), B. Lipschultz1), A. Parisot1), M. Reinke1), P.T. Bonoli1), M. Porkolab1), I.H. Hutchinson1), E. Marmar1), Alcator C-Mod Team
 
1) MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Cambridge, United States of America

Abstract.  Ion cyclotron range of frequency (ICRF) heating is expected to be an important auxiliary heating source for ITER and fusion reactors. One of the keys to successful ICRF heating is the antenna performance and a number of issues can limit the antenna performance including poor voltage and power handling, impurity production, strong RF plasma edge interactions, poor RF coupling, and localized heating of the antenna structure. High power density antenna operation, with all metal protection tiles and plasma facing components (PFC), present significant challenges to ICRF antenna operation. High performance plasmas can be achieved with all metal PFCs after boronization. In Ohmic H-mode discharges, the plasma performance degradation occurs at a rate 3-4 times slower than RF heated discharges with the similar input energy (discharge integrated). The erosion process also appears to be accelerated for weaker single pass absorption heating scenario, D(3He) on C-Mod. The C-Mod H minority single pass absorption is stronger and is similar to that expected in ITER implying similar RF induced erosion in ITER as on C-Mod. Since Faraday screen-less antenna operation has a number of advantages; the J antenna was operated without a Faraday screen. The voltage and power handling were unaffected by the screen removal. However, the heating effectiveness was 15-20% less and the influx of Cu was identified as the likely cause of the decreased performance. On C-Mod, high density discharges can yield neutral pressures at which antenna operation is prohibited. This neutral pressure limit may be related to phenomena associated with antenna ELM (edge localized mode) interactions. Experiments showed that multipactor can cause a glow discharge at neutral pressures two orders of magnitude below the Paschen breakdown limit. In the presence of a 0.1 T B-field, measurements on the C-Mod antennas showed the presence of a glow discharge at a neutral pressure similar to the observed operational neutral pressure limit, suggesting the neutral pressure limit is a result of multipactor induced discharge. We plan to modify the J antenna to have materials with <1 secondary electron coefficient for all electron energies and initial results will be presented.

Full paper and slides available (PDF)