IAEA Technical Meeting on
Developing Strategies for Safe Analysis of
Paintings and Paint Materials
27 – 30 June 2017
Amsterdam, the Netherlands
Announcement and Call for Abstracts
Paintings are an important part of our world cultural heritage. Analytical techniques using intense photon, electron and ion beams produced by particle accelerators, synchrotrons, microscopes and other sources are increasingly being applied for their study. Whole paintings are scanned using X-ray methods at synchrotrons and in laboratory environments. Electron, Raman, X-ray and ion beam microscopies are widely applied to study both lateral and cross sections of paint samples to learn more about their complex composition, to construct painting biographies and to inform on degradation mechanisms
Analytical investigations are based on photon, electron and ion interactions with the material. Such material under irradiation, visible or non-visible, might induce visible or non-visible alterations during analysis which can be also permanent or temporary. The effects of irradiation depend both on the investigated materials and the experimental conditions. All these need to be taken into account as e.g. changes of local colour, structural, chemical, morphological can influence the analytical results.
The consequences of the analyses in terms of radiation effects are insufficiently known. Radiation effects have been investigated for a long time in materials from life sciences to semiconductors. However, the main focus of such studies has been on pure materials and not on heterogeneous, complex and multi-layered systems like paintings. Several recent works have shown that interactions between pigments and binding media are likely to influence significantly material behaviour under irradiation. More specific, “pure” pigments are already complex mixtures containing traces phases, substitution elements and structural defects, which behaviour will deviate from standard chemicals. Therefore, to understand the radiation effects on paintings has outmost importance in order to minimize any possible alteration.
The purpose of this Technical Meeting is to bring material scientists, conservators, curators and conservation scientists, radiation specialists, physicists, chemists and accelerator scientists together with the following objectives:
- Discuss the possible effects of ionizing radiation on paintings and paint materials during photon, electron and ion beam analysis, in view of artwork conservation, diagnostics, technical art history, and restoration;
- Suggest safer procedures and improved practices for monitoring and mitigation strategies, with the aim of minimizing damage formation;
- Define best practices to document the history of irradiation of samples and objects;
- Explore the potential of future international collaborations, including for example ICCROM, the International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property, ICOM-CC, UNESCO, IPERION CH, E-RIHS (European Research Infrastructure for Heritage Science), JPI on Cultural Heritage and global change, and ICTP;
- Design the project of a round robin on survey of radiation effects on paint materials to be proposed to the IAEA.
The Meeting will aim at fostering exchanges between heritage researchers and professionals (curators, conservators and stakeholders), and preparing recommendations to the IAEA and its Member States. In particular, these recommendations are expected to include an important component regarding the raising of awareness to the Conservation science community.
The following topics will be covered:
- Irradiation effects during the analysis of easel and panel paintings, as well as dyed textiles;
- Dose calculation tools for the irradiation of irregular and heterogeneous materials;
- Irradiation effects and their mechanism
- Current practices in radiation analysis of heritage items
- Monitoring radiation-induced modifications: real-time and long-term
The following material systems will be considered for the above-mentioned topics:
- “Pure” organic compounds: binders, varnishes, organic pigments, dyestuff, etc.
- “Pure” inorganic compounds: inorganic pigments and fillers
- Heterogeneous / real systems: pigments mixed in medium, paint systems, alteration products, multi-layers, canvas and wooden support.
In addition, the below topics will be discussed in the form of working groups:
- Identify model samples and opportunities for a Round robin exercise to compare analytical results on damage formation from various techniques;
- Outline a Damage Prevention Wizard (flow diagrams and atlas) and an Irradiation History Passport for heritage objects which are analysed.
The outcomes of the meeting should help the curator, conservator and conservation scientist communities to assess if an analytical technique could be successfully used in the investigation of a painting or paint materials. Furthermore, tools to simulate the irradiated objects to make sure that every part is exposed to the same dose, will also be presented; especially for such challenging cases as irregular and heterogeneous materials. A comprehensive picture to curators and conservators will be drawn from the points of the benefits and risks of the analysis. The planned Round Robin exercise will help to develop standardised procedures in order to minimise the damage.
Invited and contributed oral papers will be presented in sessions devoted to special topics with subsequent discussions. It is expected that invited talks will be 30 minutes long followed by 10 minutes for discussion and contributed talks will be 15 minutes plus 5 minutes, correspondingly. An electronic projector connected to a computer capable of reading CDs and memory sticks will be available for the presentations (Power Point recommended). Each topical area will include a summary session in order to provide the possibility to review the papers reported at the meeting and recommend directions for future research areas and strategies. Depending on the number of contributions a poster session may be organized.
The meeting will start on Tuesday, 27 June 2017 at 9:00 and is expected to end on Friday, 30 June 2017 by 15:30.
A summary session, open to a wider audience, will be held on Thursday, 29 June 2017 to review the progress reported and conclusions drawn at the meeting. Policies and directions for future research will be also discussed and presented.
Visit to the laboratories of the Cultural Heritage Agency of the Netherlands and the Rijksmuseum, and the ateliers of the Rijksmuseum is planned on Friday afternoon.
The working language of the meeting is English; no interpretation will be provided.
International Advisory Committee (IAC)
The IAC will advise the meeting co-chairs on establishing links with institutions and stakeholders dealing with Cultural heritage and standardisation.
Ms Hilde de Clercq
Mr. Demetrios Anglos
Ms Marika Spring
National Gallery of London, UK
Mr Sunil Sabharwal
TECHNICAL MEETING CO-CHAIRS
Ms Aliz SIMON
Ms Ineke Joosten
Ms Katrien Keune
Mr Loïc BERTRAND
IAEA ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT
Ms Rozanna Bojdo
International Atomic Energy Agency
Division of Physical and Chemical Sciences
Vienna International Centre, P.O. Box 100, A1400 Vienna, Austria
Tel.: +43 1 2600-26393, FAX: +43 1 26007
LOCAL ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT
Ms Nel Oversteegen: Cultural Heritage Agency of the Netherlands
LOCAL ORGANIZING COMMITTEE (LOC)
- Ms Ineke Joosten: Cultural Heritage Agency of the Netherlands
- Ms Katrien Keune: Rijksmuseum
- Ms Apas Zwart: Rijksmuseum
Please use the below e-mail address to contact the local organisers.
MEETING VENUE, ACCOMMODATION AND TRANSPORTATION
The meeting will be held at the Rijksmuseum, Ateliergebouw, Amsterdam.
Please find information on how to get to the meeting here:
For further information on transport and accommodation please visit: http://www.amsterdam.info/hotels/
Approximately 60 people from IAEA Member States and international organizations are expected to attend. Participants should be persons actively involved in the topics of the meeting. Both material scientists, conservators, curators and conservation scientists, radiation specialists, physicists, chemists and accelerator scientists are welcome to attend to the meeting.
(1) IAEA PARTICIPATION (Form A submission)
Participation can be considered only if the Participation Form A is received by the IAEA through the appropriate Governmental representative authority (e.g. Ministry of Foreign Affairs, National Atomic Energy Authority) by 20 April 2017. In case the participant intends to make a contribution a relevant abstract should be attached together with Form B.
(2) ABSTRACT SUBMISSION
A one page abstract must be submitted by 20 April together with the nomination. The abstract may be text only or contain figures and graphics, but must only be one page. The abstract must contain the authors’ names, affiliation and email addresses. Acceptable file format is Microsoft Word. The filename should be in the following format: "lastname.firstname.filetype".
Please do not forget to indicate at the end of the abstract which topic you are contributing to.
The abstract shall be prepared according to the following instructions:
1) Page size: A4 (297mm by 210 mm) – vertical orientation
2) Margins 25mm all around
Title: single-spaced, 14-point size, Times New Roman Font, bold
Authors: single-spaced, 12-point size, Times New Roman Font
Affiliation: single-spaced, 12-point size, Times New Roman Font, italic
Text: 1.5 spaced, 12-point size, Times New Roman Font
Length: one page
Authors must make sure that the files do not include copyrighted fonts or any other impediments for reproduction. The abstracts will be reviewed and selected by the International Programme Advisory Committee. Authors will be informed of the acceptance of their contributions via email by 28 April 2017.
Subject: IAEA TM on Safe Analysis
A Book of Abstracts will be compiled for free distribution during the meeting to every participant. A meeting report will be prepared during the meeting and distributed to each meeting participant.
If agreed during the meeting, a scientific publication/special issue will be prepared based on some of the contributions after the meeting.
(3) EXPENDITURES AND FINANCIAL SUPPORT
No registration fee will be charged to participants attending the meeting.
As a general rule, the IAEA does not pay for participants’ travel and living expenses. However, limited funds are available to help meet the cost of attendance of selected specialists, mainly from developing countries with low economic resources. Generally, not more than one travel grant may be awarded to any one country.
If Governments wish to apply for a grant on behalf of one of their specialists, they should address specific requests to the IAEA Scientific Secretary at the International Atomic Energy Agency to this effect. Governments should ensure that applications for grants:
a) are received by the IAEA before 20 April 2017,
b) are accompanied by a duly completed and signed Grant Form C,
c) are accompanied by a duly completed and signed Form A, Form B and abstract fully
relevant to the scope of the technical meeting.
Applications that do not comply with the conditions mentioned above cannot be considered.
Awards will be announced around 28 April 2017.
Participants who require a visa to enter the Netherlands should submit the necessary application to the nearest diplomatic or consular representative of the Netherlands as soon as possible. A letter of invitation will be sent to the accepted participants in the 1st week of May 2017. Letters of support from the Local Organizing Committee will be provided upon request to the LOC Secretariat.
Information about visa can be found in this link:
Further information including the Announcement and call for abstracts can be found under:
Nominations to be sent to the IAEA and submission of abstracts according to the instructions above for selection.
Request to the IAEA for financial support.
Participants will be informed about the acceptance of their contribution.
1st week of May 2017
Letter of invitations are sent to the accepted participants by the IAEA.
27 June 2017
Start of meeting.